In order to create necessary strategies and to strengthen the institutional capacity for combating and managing the effects of Turkey’s climate change a programme, namely “Enhancing the Capacity of Turkey to Adapt to Climate Change” was initiated by the United Nations Joint Programme in June 2008. The Joint Programme aims for the integration of adaptation to climate change into national, regional, and local policies as part of the framework of Turkey’s development objectives towards sustainability.
The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is the leading institution executer of the Joint Program’s technical responsibilities. The Joint Programme is carried out by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). The Joint Programme is supported by the Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund (MDG-F) with funds transferred from the United Nations provided by the Spanish Government. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and other similarly related ministries provide the technical support for the implementation of the programme.
In the First National Communications of Turkey to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change the most important effects of climate change in Turkey were stressed as being the rise in summer temperatures, the decrease in precipitation, the loss of surface waters and drought-like effects. According to studies done by Çukurova Üniversitesi, TÜBİTAK, and the Research Institute for Nature and Humanity (RIHN), that in the Joint Programme targeted pilot region, the Seyhan River Basin, it is projected that an increase in temperature, a decrease in precipitation, a decrease in irrigation water, the increase in the demand of ground-water consumption and thus ground water pollution risk as well as the increase in ground water salinity, are to be seen. Thus it is predicted that, as in many regions of Turkey, the Seyhan River Basin will experience agricultural and domestic water shortages as well as industrial water shortages.
It is intended that with the Enhancing the Capacity of Turkey to Adapt to Climate Change Joint Programme the capacity to manage the growing risks of climate change which threaten Turkey’s rural and coastal areas be developed, that the resistance to climate change within the pilot region, or the Seyhan River Basin, be developed as well as that the undertaking of increasing adaptation be developed.